Introduction to Race and Ethnicity
The race is a human characteristic. Ethnicity is nothing more than the history and culture of a people. Their race and ethnicity have nothing to do with whether they are good people or bad people, whether they are ethically and morally sound, whether they are mentally stable or unstable, whether they are happy or unhappy. It’s enough to say that people don’t share the same racial background because that doesn’t mean either of them doesn’t have the same basic human rights.
Difference between race and ethnic group
There is a huge amount of confusion surrounding race, particularly the differences between it and ethnicity.
In the early 1900s, the term “race” was used to refer to physical characteristics, usually (but not exclusively) related to skin pigmentation. These were often classified by what groups they were most common in, and when being of that group was considered a disadvantage.
The term “ethnicity” refers to a person’s cultural background or origin; it is often also used in combination with “race”. People who have ethnic backgrounds similar to another person may be considered similar in terms of this combination, but are not considered the same biological race. In contrast, someone who comes from an ethnic group different from another person may be considered different in terms of this combination, but are not considered different biological races.
I have always felt that race has lost much of its relevance as a useful category for thinking about difference; this re-establishes that along with return on investment for businesses that are focused on differences.
Differences between race and ethnicity in the United States, Canada, and Brazil
The United States Census Bureau defines race as “the sum of five categories: White, Black or African American, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, and Pacific Islander.” However, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) does not include data on diversity in its 2011–2015 Race and Ethnicity Reports. For example, the report for race or ethnicity does not include data on Hispanic or Latino ethnicity. The RACJ recommends the inclusion of this data.
The RACJ believes that these differences in data collection strategies can be a source of confusion for readers when interpreting the results from different sources. The RACJ is particularly concerned that racial/ethnic data are collected differently in different areas. For example, reports from places such as New York City show large variations in how many people with one race were counted among the total population; while reports from places such as Detroit show small variations in how many people with one race were counted among the total population.
There are many different kinds of racism and discrimination. Racism is often associated with segregation, but it also can mean access to resources or in other ways that a person cannot easily overcome. For example, the way that some people treat others based on their race or ethnicity can be considered racist — although it might not be intentional. Racism is a form of discrimination that hurts us all, regardless of our race or ethnicity. It is for this reason that I have chosen to write about racism and discrimination specifically in technology.
So, what is the difference between race and ethnicity? A lot of people confuse the two terms — which means they use them interchangeably as if they were one thing (and they aren’t). That’s unfortunate because they are two very different concepts; one which is more accurately described as “ethnicity” and one which isn’t.
The term “ethnicity” describes how someone looks (white people are Caucasian, Asian people are Asian, black people are black), whereas “race” describes where someone comes from (Africans come from Africa). When you hear the term “race”, it should make clear no matter who you ask that you’re referring to something specific.