Basic Introduction of Tamil Dubbed Movies
In this article you will learn about Tamil dubbed movies. Tamil cinema is one of the three biggest film industries in India, alongside Bollywood and Mollywood. Tamil Nadu has produced more than 10 million footfalls at the box office, which is nearly half of any other Indian State’s total. The most recent record was set by Rajinikanth’s “Enthiran” (2010), which had over 38 million footfalls across India.
The Tamil film industry is sometimes colloquially known by its sobriquet Kollywood, a portmanteau of Kodambakkam (a section of Chennai where the majority of the regional film studios are based) and Hollywood. This term is about the number of movies produced with the same commercial formula and filmi approach as Hollywood, which has emerged from the Tamil industry.
More Dscription Of Tamil Dubbed Movies
Films made in the Tamil language are generally lettered “Kollywood,” including films produced in other regions of India where the majority or a significant portion of the film is in Tamil. This can sometimes lead to confusion among those not familiar with this terminology as films from other than the state of Tamil Nadu are sometimes marketed as “Kollywood” products.
In recent decades, with a significant number of film studios in Chennai and increasingly more production companies initiating filming outside Chennai (primarily in locations around South India), the term Mollywood has been coined to describe the situation. The name is derived from the portmanteau Malayalam (the language spoken in Kerala) and Hollywood.
Tamil Cinema Productions
Tamil films are produced by a number of production companies, some of the large, medium, or small enterprises; with a few individuals also producing Tamil films through limited investments. Many commercial success stories among the current generation have had an existence marked by many years on the circuit before receiving their first wide release.
Some popular actors who were known for their work in Kollywood include M. G. Rachandran, Ganesan, Raj Kanwar, Gemini Ganesan, and Jayalalithaa.
Tamil Language Film Industry
The Tamil language film industry is largely based in the Kodambakkam neighborhood of Chennai (formerly Madras), which gives the colloquial name of Kollywood to the industry. Although a significant portion of these movies is produced in other regional languages such as Hindi, Telugu, Malayalam, and Bengali, most producers make their content appealing to wider regions by dubbing it into those local languages or providing subtitles.
History Of Cinema In Tamil Nadu
The history of cinema in Tamil Nadu dates back to 1911. This was followed by another exhibition from Raghupathy Venkiah Naidu, who pioneered talking pictures and created a permanent cinema theater in Madras. The industry was based in Madras (now Chennai) for nearly six decades until the late 1980s when it began to move to other cities such as Coimbatore, Kochi, and recently Vishakhapatnam.
Tamil films were produced in 1911 by ‘Sukumaran’s Great-Grandson’ Raghupathy Venkiah Naidu in a studio built by him near to his residence at Binny Mills, Chennai. They were distributed by Viththala of ‘Modern Theatres’, who also later built ‘Viththala Studios’.
The first Tamil talkie film
The first Tamil talkie film, Keechaka Vadham, was released on 31 October 1931, barely seven months after India’s first talking picture Alam Ara and with the help of a few lines in English. This film was produced by Raghupathy Venkiah Naidu under his company name ‘Naidu Films’ (later to be renamed as ‘Vox Pictures’).
The 15-member team completed filming within 17 days. M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar was the playback singer for this movie and it was his voice that sang the song “Sangeetha Mohanambal”. This was followed by another production from the same studio in 1933 called Nadhaswaram with the film’s playback singer being ‘Sarangapani’ Srinivasa Iyer. However, the movie was lost over a period of time and has recently been rediscovered to be released in DVD with an original print by the National Film Development Corporation on 21 August 2011. Listing of talking pictures by year:
The first Tamil Talkie “Keechaka Vadham”, produced by Raghupathy Venkiah Naidu, was released on 31 October 1931. Five more films were made after that between 1931 and 1933, all of them lost now but Kalidas (1931) (produced by Modern Theatres – Parameshwara Viththala in 1935 stands as an exception). Two of the films between 1931 and 1933 were produced by “Sarangapani” Srinivas Iyengar, who also acted in a particular role in one of them called Nandakumar. The other two films were produced by Madhavan Appachan, who later set up a production company called ‘Madurai Associated Films’, with their facilities at All India Radio Studios, Madras.
There were no other talking films till 1936 because of royalty conflicts between Ambi Pictures’ Kalidas (1935) and Viththala Studios’ Nandakumar (1936). Both these movies however had sound effects but no dialogue.
Tamil cinema Between 1936 and 1947
Tamil cinema began to flourish after independence in 1947, the same year India’s first feature film, “Raja Harishchandra”, was released. The industry saw many changes over the next two decades, during which it became a stable commercial enterprise.
The early years from 1947 to 1955 are also known as the golden age of Tamil cinema. Many artists from South India and elsewhere were employed in this period including MGR who worked with Sivaji Ganesan under KS Nambiar’s leadership for popular films like Parasakthi (1952), Navarathiri (1953) and Punnagai Mannan (1954). Other significant events include the first Cinema Gandhi Convention held on 15 May 1952 at Saidapet in Chennai.
Mangalorean Kannada producer, director, and distributor Puttanna Kanagal was the one who introduced parallel cinema in Kannada with his classic Aranyakanda (1957). Notable film personalities of the period include directors like A. Bhimsingh, a South Indian filmmaker who made films such as “Velaikaari”, “Ente Mohangal Poovaninju” and “Ladies Tailor”; B.R. Panthulu; M.A. Thirumugam; P. Pullaiah; C. Pullaiah; Muthukulathur Satyam; Kothamangalam Subbu for their comedy films that were released during this period; lyricists such as Thanjai N. Ramaiah Dass, Kannadasan and Kothamangalam Subbu; composer G. Ramanathan for films like “Irumbu Thirai”, “Kadhalikka Neramillai” and “Raja Rajeswari”; playback singers T. M. Soundararajan, A. L. Raghavan and P. Susheela; actors such as Siji, who starred in 31 movies from 1949 to 1964 (as a lead actor), with many of them being box office hits; Gemini, who later went on to act in over 100 movies as a villain or supporting actor; Savitri, popular actress of the South Indian film industry, has starred in many movies, most famous of which is “Kula Devadhai”.
Golden Age Of Tamil Dubbed Movies
The 1950s saw the golden age of Tamil cinema. Many films were box office successes during this period. T.R. Rajakumari, “Pavithra” and Jamuna were the leading actresses while MGR became a popular star as he starred in several movies such as “Parasakthi”, and “Sarangadhara”.
He also produced several movies under his own banner, Meiyappan Films between 1953 (Madurai Veeran) and 1964 (Arasa Katalai). Notable film personalities include directors like Kothamangalam Subbu for comedy films like “Pallavi Anu Pallavi”; Thirumalai for films like “Panama Pasama”, “En Manaivi” and “Neerkumizhi”; R. Muthuraman, whose first directed film was ‘Velaikaari’; A. Bhimsingh for movies such as “Kuzhandhaigal Kanda Kaalam Oli Raja” and “Madurai Veeran”.
Notable singers in the period include P. Bhanumathi (Bhanumi), Sirkazhi Govindarajan (Thengai Srinivasan), T. M. Soundararajan, Seerkazhi, P. Suseela, K. Rani and Jikki with A.M. Rajah (Azhagam Perumal), S. V. Ponnusamy (Subburaman), and Muthiah Bhagavathar as the notable composers. Savitri appeared first in the movie Chandralekha and other movies including “Kula Devadhai”, “Saraswathi Sabadham” and “Paava Mannippu”.
Black Period in the history of Tamil cinema
The period from 1960 to 1968 is considered a Black Period in the history of Tamil cinema. Almost all films were remakes or adaptations of Bollywood movies. The only notable film made was Enga Veettu Pillai by M. A. Thirumugam while playing King Marthanda Varma and Gemini as his brother.
Other than this, most of the films had borrowed heavily from Bollywood-style action sequences copied directly from Hindi originals without any change whatsoever, lacklusture performances, poor music, outdated screenplay. This was also the period when film censorship took a harsh turn and people who were earlier imprisoned for making “vulgar” films such as “Pather Panchali”, “Jaal” and many others were sent to prisons.
Fame Of Tamil Cinema In Other States Of India
During this period Tamil Cinema began to gain popularity in other regional states of India especially Orissa where they showed only dubbed movies. In fact, Aparajita is one of the actresses from Orissa with hit movies like Raja Rani, Vennira Aadai, Thangappan, etc. Production companies which arose during this time included AVM productions (Actors Vemireddy & Muthu Movies), Nalla Thambi Movies, Gemini Pictures owned by G.N. Natarajan, Modern Theatres owned by M.A. Venu, and AVM productions which were major players during this period.
Notable directors of this era include Narayanan who directed the movies “Sarangadhara”, “Parasakthi” (1952), and “Kalyanam” (1960), V. Shantaram who is well known for his work in Hindi cinema; Bhimsingh who directed “Kula Deivam”; A. P. Nagarajan (“Enga Veettai Pillai”). Notable actors of that time are Savitri, Padmini, Tambaram Lalitha, Manorama (“En Thangai”, “Thiruvilayadal”, “Kavalkaran”) and (“Enga Veettu Pillai”).
Notable playback singers of this time include T. M. Soundarrajan, P. Suseela, A.P. Komala and L. R. Eswari with music directors including Kunnakudi Vaidyanathan, Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy and Pendyala Nageshwara Rao who composed for most movies in Hindi style compositions but not the actual songs themselves but the background scores were often borrowed from Hindi movies or English westerns such as those composed by John Barry or Ennio Morricone.
Notable films during this period included “Arasilangkumari”, “Kannan En Kadhalan”, “Neerkumizhi”, Pachaikili Muthucharam, and Parasakthi.
Notable Tamil Films During 1960-68
The Tamil film industry rapidly grew from strength to strength in the 1970s after Cho Raswamy opened up the avenues for new directors and fresh storylines with his film Unaru starring who received a national award for his role as a village chieftain. The impact of his work was seen immediately by T. R. Sundarambal, Kavithalaya, and Aroordhas (‘Aaroor’ Arudhass) whose films became hits at the box office. G. N. Balasubramaniam, Kannada Naadan Premgeethe starring M. G. Raachandran became big hits in Tamil Nadu, Bangalore, and Karnataka.
Tamil Cinema In Orissa
During this period Tamil Cinema began to gain popularity in another regional state especially Orissa where they showed only dubbed movies but not the actual songs themselves such as”Aarodhya kanda “in Odia language with hit music composers like Bijay Narayan Deb for most of the movie scores which were often borrowed from Hindi movies or English westerns such as those composed by John Barry or Ennio Morricone but not the actual songs themselves such as Aarya’s theme song was a copy of the “Duel of Fates” theme from the Star Wars: The Phantom Menace soundtrack.
Notable directors include K. Balachander, Bharathiraja, P. Bharathi Raja, T. R. Ramanna who made films with serious themes and yet could ensure that they would appeal to a wider audience like “Thamizh Padam”, “Varumayin Niram Sivappu”, “Sigappu Rojakkal” and Super Lingayat which was an extremely popular movie about the life problems of South Indian people in Australia during this period starring Rajkumar.
Notable actors include Kamal Haasan, Rajinikanth, and Muthuraman. Notable playback singers of this time include S. Janaki and P. Susheela who sang for most movies in Tamil language with music directors including Ilaiyaraaja, M. S. Viswanathan, and Kunnakudi Vaidyanathan who composed scores in the fusion style which fused Indian traditional instruments such as the veena, sitar with western classical instruments like piano or violin while using western harmonies and rhythms but not the actual songs from western movies themselves but he is best known for his compositions for the films “Moondram Pirai”, “16 Vayathinile” and “Anbu Thangai”.
Lack Of Finance For Quality Tamil Productions
The lack of finance for quality Tamil productions decreased in the early 1980s. The industry was often reliant on remakes of successful films rather than producing new material. Some notable hits of the late 1970s were “Sigappu Rojakkal”, Pithamagan, “Avargal”, “Thooral Ninnu Pochchu” (1977), Mani Ratnam’s debut film “Pallavi Anu Pallavi”, Ponnar Shankar and Vazhve Mayam as well as Chiranjeevi star.
While the industry in Tamil Nadu was struggling, “Chinna Thambi” was a big hit during this period. Kamal Haasan’s “Apoorva Raagangal”‘s Telugu version was also a hit with music by K. V. Mahadevan and lyrics by Vaali which were not present in the original film but added for the Hindi dubbed versions of the movie such as “Keemat: Crime Master” (1981).
Notable directors included Bharathiraja, Mani Ratnam, K Balachander such as “Muqaddar Ka Sikandar (1978)”, “Manmadhan (1980)”, Aavargal (1979)” which became a trendsetter in gangster film’s in Tamil cinema during this period starring Rajkumar who was often compared to Al Pacino. The comedy-drama film directed by P. Bharathirayan starred Kamal Haasan in the male lead role alongside Sridevi and Raadhika also made the film to be another trendsetter in Tamil cinema.
Film score composers from this period include Ilaiyaraaja, M S Viswanathan who composed scores in the fusion style which fused Indian traditional instruments such as the veena, sitar with western classical instruments like piano or violin while using western harmonies and rhythms but not trying to imitate the original songs from western movies themselves but he is best known for his compositions for the films “16 Vayathinile” and “Anbu Thangai”.
Notable actors of this period include Rajinikanth (“Chandhrodhayam”), Ravichandran (“Oorukku Oru Kannagi”, “Punnagai Mannan”), Kamal Haasan (“Moondru Mugam”, “Avargal”, “Pasamulla Pesu”) and Muthu (“Muqaddar Ka Sikandar”).
Notable films during this period included “Chinna Thambi” (1980), “Nooravathu Naal” (1981), directed by S. P. Muthuraman, which was a remake of Kannada movie Nanjangudu Nailunni, “Naan Sigappu Manithan (1982)” starring Rajinikanth and Radha, the film is known for its famous line “Kelvin Aagaram Varum” spoken by Rajnikanth and “Naane Raja Naane Mandhiri” starring Jayaprada and Suresh.
Trendsetting Movie In Tamil Cinema
In 1982, the film “Punnagai Mannan”, directed by K. Balachander and starring Kamal Haasan and Saritha was released which became a trendsetting movie in Tamil cinema later made into many remakes in various Indian languages. The film is known for its famous ‘Vibrations’ dance scene which was choreographed by Shankar, who was also an assistant director in this movie, to the song “Ooh la La (Oh-Oh Julie)”. The film was shot entirely on location in New York City with Kamal’s friend Riyaz Khan who worked as a taxi driver doubling up as Rahman in the climax. The film was also dubbed into Telugu and released as “Gharana Bullodu” in 1984 which went on to run for 350 days and became a super hit.
Tamil Movies In Hindi
During the early 1980s, Bollywood filmmakers such as Manmohan Desai first remade Tamil movies in Hindi using the same title such as “Kaliyugam”, while others used different titles like “Muqaddar Ka Sikandar (1978)” directed by Prakash Mehra and starring Jeetendra as well as films like “Vidhaata (1982)”, directed by K. Balachander’s assistant Sridhar, starring Amitabh Bachchan were also made during this period. Around 50 Tamil films were dubbed into Hindi during this period.
Notable films during this period include the comedy film “Kalavani” (1981), directed by A. C. Tirulokchandar, starring Ravi in his first negative role, Gemini, Savitri, Srividya and Saritha; the action thriller film “Thambikku Endha Ooru” (1980)”, Vikram” (1982) and “Kizhakku Cheemayile” (1983).
During the 1970s and 1980s, many Malayalam movies were made inspired by the Tamil language. This period saw the rise of parallel cinema as well as commercial films. The trend of remaking South Indian movies in other languages also continued with a large number of Malayalam-Tamil films being released such as “Manjil Virinja Pookkal” (1978), directed by G Aravindan, starring Sathar, Pratap Pothen and Sumithra; “Mohanlal” (1979), directed by I. V. Sasi featuring Mammootty in his debut role; “Padatha Painkili” (1981), directed by Priyadarshan, starring Shankar and Prem Nazir.
Remaking Malayalam Movies In Other Indian Languages
In the 1980s, the trend of remaking Malayalam movies in other Indian languages continued with “Padakali” (1982) being remade into Hindi as “Aashirwad” (1985) starring Rajesh Khanna. The same movie was again adapted in Tamil as “Azhagarkoil Valiban” (1983), directed by P N Menon, which is a remake of the director’s own Malayalam film “Ayalathe Addeham”.
Kamal Haasan’s Debut In Tamil cinema
The movie also marked Kamal Haasan’s debut in Tamil cinema. K Balachander produced many films in this period such as his assistant directorial film “Kuzhandaiyum Deivamum” (1981), directed by himself, starring Kamal Haasan and Sridevi. The movie was later remade in Hindi as “Ek Duuje Ke Liye” (1982) which became a commercial success. Balachander’s other assistant directorial venture “Moondram Pirai” (1983), written by M T Vasudevan Nair, starring Mohanlal also turned out to be a blockbuster hit leading to the birth of the Parallel Cinema (“New Wave”) movement in Malayalam cinema.
Rajnikanth: Trendsetter in Tamil cinem
In the 1980s, Rajnikanth became well-known for his larger-than-life-action hero roles in Tamil movies such as “Apoorva Raagangal”, “Vallavanukkum Vallavan” and “Nadigan”. He became a trendsetter in Tamil cinema with his extraordinary style of delivering one-liners.
Notable films of this period include Balachander’s experimental ventures “Kizhakku Cheemayile” (1982), written by M T Vasudevan Nair, starring Mohanlal which was remade into Hindi as “Aurat Hone Humaa” (1984) directed by Balachander himself; the romantic melodrama film “Uthiripookkal” (1983), written by noted director Bharathiraaja who also directed, produced and starred in the movie together with Revathi and Sumalatha in lead roles; “Uyarndhavargal” (1985), also written by Bharathiraaja, starring Rajnikanth and Amala.
In the early 1990s, Mohanlal came to the limelight with his performance as a police officer in Sibi Malayil’s “Manichitrathazhu”. The movie was widely praised for its screenplay by T. Damodaran, cinematography by Jayanan Vincent, and Mohanlal’s acting prowess. It became the first Indian film featuring an entirely new cast to run for over 250 days in theatres across Kerala; thus breaking a record held for many years by MGR-starters of the 1960s such as “Devadas” and “Kaavalkaaran”.
The trend of remaking Malayalam movies in other Indian languages continued with Tamil versions such as “Puthiya Mugham” (1992), directed by S N Swamy, starring Arjun Sarja; the comedy romance film “Kadhalikka Neramillai” (1993), directed by KS Sethu Madhavan featuring Prashanth, Sukanya, Manivannan and Manorama.
This period saw the rise of Mohanlal who turned out to be one the most famous actors in India. His performances in films such as “Vandichakkaram” (1994), written by Abrid Shine which was premiered at the International Film Festival of India (IFFI); “Devaraagam” (1993), directed by Priyadarshan, starring Mohanlal and Devayani; “Chaandramukhi” (1998), written and directed by D Suresh Bhargavan; “Kaalapani” (1996), a crime thriller directed by Joshy Mathew, which had a complete Tamil cast; “Anantha Poongatre”, based on M T Vasudevan Nair’s novel of the same name – appeared in Malayalam as well (“Ee Parakkum Thalika”, 1994) drew attention to his acting ability.
The trend of remaking South Indian movies in other languages continued with films such as “Naduvula Konjam Pakkatha Kaanom” (2012), directed by Bala, starring Vikram and Nandita Das; the comedy thriller film “Yaaradi Nee Mohini” (2008), directed by P Vasu, starring Srikanth and Nayantara; the action-drama film “Vennila Kabaddi Kuzhu” (2012), directed by Venkat Prabhu starred Dhanush.
Horror Film Industry In Kerala
The horror film industry in Kerala also flourished during this period with notable films such as Balachandra Menon’s super-hits like his debut work “Aashirvadam”, which was remade into Hindi as well (“Pushpak”, 1986) starring Anil Kapoor, Suresh Gopi, and Jaya Prada; “Priya” (1997) starring Mohanlal; Fazil’s suspense thrillers “Aaraam Thampuran”, a remake of his own Malayalam film “Kireedam”; “Vandanam”; the whodunit thriller movie “Manichitrathazhu” (1993); Priyadarshan’s comedy-musical hit films like “Malamaal Weekly” and its sequel “Neenu Nakkare Adagide” are also some notable works in this period.
The industry saw many more technicians becoming directors with noted names such as Bhadran, T. K. Rajeev Kumar, Siddique-Lal, Lenin Rajendran, and Priyadarshan being a few of them.
The period has been considered as one which brought ultimate consolidation to the industry, while also marking active trends in mainstream cinema. Some notable movies during this period include Major Ravi’s “Anandabhairavi” (2005), starring Dileep; Ranjith Balakrishnan’s psychological thriller film “Nandanam” (2002) featuring Jayain a double role; Sibi Malayil’s family drama film “Yodha” (2003) starring Mohanlal in the lead role; Shaji N Karun’s multiple National Film Award-winning biographical movie on Vaikom Muhammad Basheer, “K. G. F.” (2004) starring Mammootty; Lohithadas’s neo-noir masterpieces “Vinaayakan”, “Narendran Makan Jayakanthan Vaka” and “Daaham”; Priyadarshan’s comedy caper films such as the box office hits “Minnaram” (2005), which was remade into Telugu as well (“Prema Neduva”) in 2006; and his remake of Malayalam film “Aaraam Thampuran”.
Female Centric Tamil Dubbed Movies
The industry saw a rise in female-centric movies with actresses such as Manju Warrier in the lead roles making their mark. In 1996, she started her acting career with a lauded performance in Fazil’s “Kireedam”. Manju Warrier got the chance to act with noted stars Mohanlal and Suresh Gopi after her debut. She starred as the female protagonist in movies such as Siddique-Lal’s hit film “His Highness Abdullah”, which was dubbed into Telugu; Rafi-Mecartin’s historical romantic tragedy “Arabikkatha”; two of director Shaji N Karun’s films, including “Ponthan Mada” (2002), for which she won Filmfare Award for Best Actress – Malayalam. Other popular actresses during this time were Kavya Madhavan, Salim Kumar, and Sandhya.
The industry also saw the emergence of comedy duos such as those of Mukesh, Mohanlal, and Jagathy Sreekumar. The year 2000 marked the entry of Dileep through “Nandanam” directed by Ranjith Bala, which was a blockbuster at the time. After appearing in many commercial failures, his breakthrough came later in 2002 with Priyadarshan’s “CID Moosa”. He then appeared in two more blockbusters – “Kutti Cheppu” (2002) directed by Lal Jose, and “Thenkasipattanam” (2003), both starring Prithviraj Sukumaran.
Black Magic Theme Films
Along with Prithviraj, he achieved further success in “Chathurangam” (2003), directed by Shaji Kailas; and Priyadarshan’s “Ladies and Gentlemen” (2006). The year 2004 also marked the end of a long-lasting period of black magic theme films, with noted directors leaving the genre.
The year 2008 saw the comeback of actor Suresh Gopi on-screen through Bala’s “Yaaradi Nee Mohini”, which was a major success at the box office. He then appeared in Venu Nagavalli’s thriller movie “Sthithi” alongside Jayasurya; Dileesh Pothan’s comedy film “Panchavasa” which became a commercial hit; Murali Nagavally’s “Vilapangalkkappuram”, a satire on life in the Middle Eastern countries; and Abhirami Suseelan’s neo-noir film “Thanmatra”. In 2011, Gopi played three different roles in Shaji N. Karun’s family drama film “Vanaprastham”.
Some of the notable female stars during this period were Kavya Madhavan, Manju Warrier (in 1997 she won the National Film Award for Best Actress for her work as Thampuratty in Balachandra Menon’s movie “Kireedam”), Meera Jasmine, Navya Nair, and Samvrutha Sunil.
The year 2015 saw the rise of Fahadh Faasil as a bankable star after his performance in Lal Jose’s “Charlie”. He then teamed up with Mohanlal in Priyadarshan’s comedy caper “Oppam”, which became a blockbuster, and followed it with movies such as Anwar Rasheed’s comedy movie “Kunjiramayanam”; Vishnu Unnikrishnan’s drama film “Thondimuthalum Driksakshiyum”, where he played a deaf-mute character; Ranjith Sankar’s fantasy action thriller “Loham” starring Prithviraj Sukumaran, who won National Film Award for Best Actor for his performance. He then starred in a sequel to Lal Jose’s “1983” titled “Oru Teenage Kathai” (2017).
The year 2015 also saw the rise of Dulquer Salmaan, who was noted for his performance in his debut movie “Picket 43”. He followed it with popular Malayalam films such as Abrid Shine’s comedy caper movie “Charlie”; Alphonse Putharen’s thriller film “Bangalore Days” which became the highest-grossing Malayalam release up until then. In 2016 he appeared alongside Mohanlal in Major Ravi’s fantasy adventure film “Oppam”, which won him National Film Award for Best Actor along with Prithviraj; and Priyadarshan’s comedy caper “The Great Father”, which became the highest-grossing Malayalam film of all time to that point.
In 2017, Abrid Shine’s thriller film “Njandukalude Nattil Oridavela” starring Prithviraj Sukumaran and Parvathy was released. The movie surpassed the previous box office record set by “The Great Father”.
Popularity Of Malayalam cinema
Malayalam cinema has been very popular for family dramas, mystery thrillers (“mysteries”), comedies, romance films, and social satires with subject matters concerning the middle class (mostly set in the city), like Adoor Gopalakrishnan’s feature films “Swayamvaram” (1972); “Kelu Njano” (1973); “Kokkam” (1976); (all three won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Malayalam), and “Mathilukal” (1980). After Adoor Gopalakrishnan, M. T. Vasudevan Nair is considered one of the most important auteur filmmakers of India. He was awarded Padma Shri in 1981 and several international awards including a Lifetime Achievement Award from FIPRESCI at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival for his contributions toward Indian cinema.
Malayalam films are also known for their musical scores and background score played by live orchestras, which typically accompanies romantic scenes or comedy sequences. In addition to this, there are numerous playback singers who make a notable contribution to the film. The songs are also played in many radio channels (both private and public) which have huge listenership.
Some of the most popular actors from Kerala are Mohanlal, Mammootty, Suresh Gopi, Dileep, , Vikram and Rahman. Malayalam cinema has given birth to some great actresses like Shobana, Revathi, and Manju Warrier. There are also many prominent female stars like Thilakan, Urvashi (who died in 2000), Shubha Poonja, Shalini (actress|Shalini), Nedumudi Venu, Kavya Madhavan, Manju Warrier (in 1997 she won the National Film Award for Best Actress for her work as Thampuratty in “Balachandra Menon’s movie Kireedam”), Meera Jasmine, Navya Nair, Samvrutha Sunil, and Bhavana.
Kathakali is a highly stylized classical Indian dance-drama noted for the suggestive gestures (“Mukhacharya”), the makeup of characters wearing elaborate costumes, and applying heavy makeup, its elaborated METRE like Tagore’s “Ata Tala” (“mālā metrikā”) and Abhinaya (gesture language). It has also made great strides in contemporary art with Painkulam Rama Chakyar who modified this classical form with his contributions. His major contribution was to simplify the makeup and costumes to give it a natural realistic look. He also composed several new “Rāgas” for Kathakali. Though his contemporary, Kalamandalam Gopi remained largely traditional in outlook even as he contributed immensely to this art form by bringing out its aesthetics through the medium of sketching (Kathakaligreeelan).
Kerala is also home to some of the finest fine artists and painting traditions like mural paintings (“koothu kooththu”) which are thousands of years old and perhaps first practiced in South-East Asia, ancestor of Western Mural painting; Tattoo art (“Ula”), miniature paintings on palm leaves, etc.; wood carvings on doors or windows called “Koothu vela”; Kathakali make-up and special effects, etc.; Contemporary painting styles include the works of Raja Ravi Varma, M. K. Sanoo, Arati Kannan, Jitish Kallat, etc.
In painting, there were a few great artists like the late Madhavikutty (modern impressionist), Syamaprasad (Syama) (abstract expressionism). Gaganendran is another reputed abstract art painter who made a huge impact with his work in Paris Arts Exhibition many times since 1961–63; he also did various large mural paintings in major cities across Kerala and India such as “Manushyano” at Trivandrum International Airport. Kerala’s contribution to Indian cinema has been significant. Malayalam films dominated the early years of Indian cinema, and K. J. Yesudas holds the record for having won the National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer most number of times (till date). The music director M.S.Viswanathan is also from Kerala.
Mythological Movies In Malayalam Cinema
Stories with mythical background include “Bharatha Vilasam”, directed by PN Menon; “Sargam” (1949), a film which started the trend of mythological movies in Malayalam cinema; and Bitter Sweet (“1960”) by AJS Rajan starring Sathyan as Lord Krishna. Bhadran, well known to provide superhits in Malayalam movies. He had also introduced many actors and actresses who later became famous as leading stars in the industry. In present times, Mani Ratnam is a well-known Tamil director originally hailing from Kerala.
Kerala has produced some fine music composers like K. V. Mahadevan, Raveendran, Johnson, Bombay Ravi (one of India’s finest classical guitarists), S. P. Venkatesh (known for his work with renowned Indian composer Ilaiyaraaja), M Jayachandran (popularly known as “M Jaan”), Ouseppachan and Rajamani; while singers like P Madhuri among others are quite popular all over India.
Kannur Rajan was a famous music director from Kerala who died in 1996. He is known for his memorable composition in the 1965 film “Miss Mary”. The other notable films of Kannur Rajan are Bhakta Prahlada (1958), Sahasram, and Chotta Bombay.
Entertainment & Media In Tamil
Ashtamichira- One of the first successful Malayalam films was released in 2008. Malayalam cinema has produced some great actors like Murali & Mukesh. The trend started when Sathyan played the role of Lord Krishna in the film ‘Bhagavad Gita’ directed by P. Bhaskaran in 1969.
The late actor Prem Nazir was a well-known Malayalam actor who has acted in more than 350 films (of which 27 were in Tamil, 9 in Kannada, and 1 each in Telugu). He mostly played character roles later on from the 80s onwards and is fondly remembered for his villainous roles. The oldest movie theatre still functioning now is the Cinema Theatre Golden Gate, Trivandrum (owned by Chittilam Sivaraman).
Censorship On Taml Movies
Censor Board Of Film Certification ordered to cut two scenes from the documentary by Prakash Raj on Sri Lankan civil war.
The Indian Tamil movie “Papanasam” (2015) is banned in Tamil Nadu for four months after the Censor Board objected to certain visuals and dialogue relating to the late Chief Minister Jayalalithaa.